An accidental experiment led scientists to an effective non-invasive method of diabetes treatment. The therapy normalizes the two main symptoms of the disease and does not cause side effects. And in the future it will be possible to treat patients even in their sleep.
Scientists from the University of Iowa have shown that exposure to electromagnetic and electric fields can treat type 2 diabetes. The treatment will normalize blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity response, opening up entirely new opportunities in the treatment of the disease, which has been diagnosed in more than 400 million people.
It all started when one of the laboratory staff needed the practice of taking blood from mice to measure blood sugar levels. He was asked to improve his skills on rodents, who participated in another experiment where scientists evaluated the effects of electromagnetic fields on the brain and animal behavior.
Regular blood sampling from these rodents showed that their performance was always normal, although they had a genetic predisposition to diabetes. The scientists decided to check the unexpected result and it turned out that exposure to electromagnetic fields really has a positive effect on the symptoms of the disease.
“There are molecules in our bodies that are believed to act as tiny magnetic antennas, providing a biological response to electromagnetic effects,” the authors explain. Presumably, such exposure alters the transmission of signals between superoxide molecules, which is especially visible in the liver, and as a result, it leads to an improvement.
Removal of superoxide molecules from the liver completely blocked the effect of electromagnetic fields on blood sugar levels and the reaction to insulin, showed further experiments. The scientists then also tested treatment on human liver cells for six hours and also saw improvements in insulin sensitivity.
It is believed that exposure to electromagnetic fields of low frequency is safe for human health, so the scientists hope that there will be no serious side effects of treatment in humans.
The mice did not have them and now the team is testing the approach on larger animal models. If the results are confirmed, then in the future, diabetes mellitus can be cured even in sleep, without affecting the usual human activity, scientists hope.